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Injection Molding Challenges with PA66 And Solutions

Views: 0     Author: XINYITE PLASTIC     Publish Time: 2024-02-22      Origin: Site


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Polyamide 66 (PA66), also known as Nylon 66, is a type of polyamide or nylon used extensively in the injection molding industry due to its superior mechanical properties, heat resistance, and durability. However, like all materials, PA66 presents specific challenges during the injection molding process. This article discusses common issues associated with PA66 injection molding and offers practical solutions to these problems.

Common Injection Molding Issues with PA66

Moisture Absorption:

Problem: PA66 absorbs moisture from the air, which can lead to hydrolysis during processing, resulting in molecular degradation and a decrease in mechanical properties.

Solution: Pre-dry PA66 pellets before processing. Recommended drying conditions are 80°C for at least 4 hours. A desiccant dryer is preferred to ensure the material is thoroughly dried.


Problem: PA66 is sensitive to overheating, which can cause degradation of the polymer, leading to discoloration and reduced physical properties.

Solution: Optimize the processing temperatures. Maintain a controlled barrel temperature profile and avoid excessive shear by adjusting the screw speed and back pressure.

Shrinkage and Warping:

Problem: PA66 experiences significant shrinkage, which can lead to warping or dimensional inaccuracies in the molded parts.

Solution: Optimize mold design with uniform wall thickness and use cooling fixtures or jigs immediately after ejection. Consider the orientation of fibers (in the case of reinforced grades) during the design phase to minimize warping.

Silver Streaks and Splay Marks:

Problem: Moisture or improper venting can lead to surface defects such as silver streaks or splay marks.

Solution: Ensure the material is properly dried and maintain adequate venting in the mold. Adjust injection speed and pressure to minimize the introduction of air into the melt.


Problem: Incorrect processing parameters or excessive moisture content can result in brittle parts.

Solution: Ensure proper drying of the material and optimize processing parameters such as temperature, injection speed, and holding pressure to ensure adequate packing and cooling time.

Advanced Solutions

Mold Flow Analysis: Conducting a mold flow analysis can help predict and address potential issues related to filling, cooling, and warping before the mold is manufactured.

Gas-Assisted Injection Molding: This technique can be used to reduce warping and sink marks by introducing a gas (typically nitrogen) into the melt to pack the part during the holding phase.

Fiber Orientation Control: For fiber-reinforced PA66, controlling the orientation of the fibers can significantly improve the mechanical properties and reduce warping.

Post-Molding Operations: Annealing or conditioning parts post-molding can help relieve internal stresses and reduce shrinkage or warping.


While PA66's superior properties make it an excellent choice for various applications, addressing the injection molding challenges is crucial for achieving high-quality parts. By understanding and implementing the solutions to common issues such as moisture absorption, overheating, shrinkage, and warping, manufacturers can significantly improve the quality and consistency of PA66 molded parts. Advanced techniques and post-molding operations further enhance the material's performance, ensuring that the benefits of PA66 can be fully realized in the final products.

The company specializes in the production of high-quality thermoplastic materials, including ABS, PC, PA6,PA66, PMMA, PP etc

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