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Performance of ABS Compound and its application fields

Jan. 06. 2020

Mechanical properties, thermal properties, electrical properties, and environmental properties of ABS Compound are four major properties and applications.

1. Mechanical properties

ABS plastic has excellent mechanical properties, excellent impact strength, and can be used at extremely low temperatures. ABS has excellent abrasion resistance, good dimensional stability, and oil resistance. It can be used for bearings under medium load and speed. The creep resistance of ABS is larger than that of PSF and PC, but smaller than that of PA and POM. The flexural strength and compressive strength of ABS are worse among plastics. The mechanical properties of ABS are greatly affected by temperature.

2. Thermal performance

The thermal deformation temperature of ABS plastic is 93 ~ 118, and the product can be increased by about 10 after annealing. ABS can still show some toughness at -40, and it can be used in the temperature range of -40 ~ 100.

3. Electrical performance.

ABS plastic has good electrical insulation and is almost independent of temperature, humidity and frequency. It can be used in most environments. The electrostatic charge on the surface of ABS causes problems such as adsorption of dust, difficulty in demolding, and electrostatic discharge during processing, transportation, and use. Therefore, ABS products need to have certain conductivity to prevent internal discharge and even shield electromagnetic interference from outside to precision electronic components. The addition of antistatic agents can prevent the generation or dissipation of electrostatic charges, and is the main method for preparing antistatic ABS.

Flame Retardant ABS Material

Flame Retardant ABS Material

4.Environmental performance

ABS plastic is not affected by water, inorganic salts, alkalis and various acids, but is soluble in ketones, aldehydes and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Stress cracking will occur due to erosion by glacial acetic acid and vegetable oil. ABS has poor weather resistance and is prone to degradation under the action of ultraviolet light; after half a year outdoors, the impact strength is reduced by half.

5. The application of ABS plastic

Automotive industry: automotive dashboards, body panels, interior trim panels, steering wheels, sound insulation panels, door locks, bumpers, ventilation ducts and many other components.

Electrical appliances: refrigerators, televisions, washing machines, air conditioners, computers, copiers and other electronic appliances.

Building materials field: ABS pipe, ABS sanitary ware, ABS decorative board. In addition, ABS is also widely used in packaging, furniture, sporting goods and entertainment products, machinery and instruments in the industry.

As an ABS Compound Supplier, I want to share with you that there are three main ways to reduce the flammability of ABS resin:

1. Blend with flame retardant polymer and ABS, such as CPE, PVC;

2. Chemical modification of existing ABS, such as adding tribromostyrene as the fourth monomer to prepare four-component ABS;

3. Add flame retardants to ABS by common methods, including inorganic flame retardants (such as MoO3) and organic flame retardants (such as halogen compounds, phosphorus flame retardants). The flame-retardant type has a highly effective flame-retardant effect, but other properties may not be good (such as aging and high cost). Chemically modified ABS requires a specific production process, the process is more complex, the third method strikes a balance between cost and performance, and is more flexible in designing multifunctional materials.

Our company also has Flame Retardant ABS Material on sale, welcome to consult.